Bus 360 - Global Business Strategies
Assignment 1 – Globalization and Culture
UNESCO Global Policy Forum on Globalization and Culture
Value: 4% of your final grade
Due: Week 3 to D2L dropbox by start of class (see course schedule)
This assignment provides an opportunity to learn more about globalization and culture.
- Report (individual): Two-page single spaced research report with citations and references.
- Networking (group):10 – 15 minutes in class
- Forum Discussion(group): 10 – 15 minutes and debrief in class
As shown above, this assignment includes an individual and a group component. Here’s what’s involved…
Each person will play the role of a member from a country from the area of the world for which you’ve signed up. Sign-up sheet is on page 3. You will represent that country and reflect the country’s values, manners, customs, religion, education, personal communication style and anything else, which signifies culture.Take a look at these two websites for cultural information and country insights:
- http://www.intercultures.ca/cil-cai/countryinsights-apercuspays-eng.asp Select a country for details.
- http://globaledge.msu.edu/global-insightsSearch this site by using terms business etiquette and also business etiquette around the world.
Report (Individual preparation before class). Write a two-page single spaced research report with citations and references. Answer the questions shown below. Include a minimum of 3 – 5 references. Wiki is not included in the 3- 5 references.Submit your report to the D2L dropbox on week 3 by the start of class.
- Go to UNDP and find your country’s ranking on the UNDP INDEX scale. http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries
- Take a look at the following link on Uganda National Cultural Policy, and notice what Uganda is doing to preserve culture.
- For your country, identify a response to each of the following questions
- Identify 3 – 5 consequences of globalization on culture and values for your country.
- Identify 3 – 5 benefits of globalization on culture and values for your country.
- What are five policies proposed by your country that would preserve culture and values in relation to development? Examples could include policies on proprietary rights (copyright law), indigenous language preservation, education, museums, etc.).
Before the Forum Discussion, a 10 – 15 minute networking activity will take place where each class member will play the role of the representative of their selected country. Each person will choose a first name, which reflects a typical first name of a person from the country. FIRST names and selected country names will be identified on a nametag which will be worn by each person.
Forum Discussion(In class)
“The importance of culture in our lives has grown immensely during the twentieth century, as those lives themselves have changed. A large part of the change has itself been driven by the economic exploitation of culture and its products: film, radio, television and, most recently, digital.” (UNESCO)
Globalization increases the availability of foreign made products, as well globalization exposes everyone to other cultures via the media. The exposure to products and media brings changes to local culture and values. “…Projects should be grounded in existing situations and the concrete realities of the community concerned and that development should become synonymous with partnership.” (UNESCO)
What to Discuss:
You are a group representing selected countries, and are meeting to examine the issues of globalization, culture and development. In these small working groups, please discuss the questions below, negotiate and agree upon recommendations, and be prepared to present to the UNESCO Director General.
Keep in mind you are representing your country. You have been selected to reflect on the following questions and to report to the joint UNESCO-UNDP project with recommendations to assist countries as they develop their own national policies on culture in view of foreign investment and development. The policy for each country could be reflected in the areas of economics, education, culture, foreign affairs, industry and trade, tourism, etc.
- Identify the consequences of globalization on culture and values for your group of countries.
- Identify the benefits of globalization on culture and values for your group of countries
- Develop five“common” recommendations to the Director General which can be used by your countries as they develop policies to preserve culture and values as the country becomes more developed (based on the results of your discussion).**
**Examples could include policies on proprietary rights (copyright law), indigenous language preservation, education, museums, etc.).
Take a look at this link on areas where culture should be recognized in view of development.
Running Head: GLOBAL BUSINESS 1
Global Business Strategies
Global Business Strategies
The last century has witnessed increased levels of both economic and cultural globalization across the world. The increased connectivity between the world’s economies has substantially contributed to this surge. The developments in transportation, such as ships and trains, and the developments in telecommunications, such as the Internet, have increased interdependence between countries. Globalization has affected the Brazilian culture and values both positively and negatively. Nonetheless, there is need to develop policies that promote preservation of the Brazilian culture too avert its erosion.
Consequences of Globalization
Globalization has led to increased levels of crime in Brazil. The income disparities, which have resulted from globalization, mean that some people can barely afford their basic needs (Branco & Williams, 2010). In some nations, the entire population benefits from globalization. In others, only a small percentage of the population enjoys globalization benefits, while the rest live in poverty. In Brazil, the rich have continued becoming richer, while the poor have continued becoming poorer (Branco & Williams, 2010). Thus, the income difference between the rich and the poor has increased. Therefore, it can be argued that globalization has resulted in proliferation of crime levels in Brazil, portraying a loss in moral values.
Other than the rise in income differences, globalization has encouraged consumerism in Brazil. With consumerism, individuals are attracted to beautiful products (Branco & Williams, 2010). Misleading advertisements by multinational corporations also produce consumerism. People, therefore, will tend to do anything to afford these goods (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). The people will engage even in illegal activities such as corruption and other social misdeeds. Therefore, it can be argued that globalization has resulted in the loss of values in Brazil, since it encourages negative consumerism.
In addition, globalization has led to cultural homogenization in Brazil. Every society has its unique culture and beliefs. Brazil, which is considered as a developing nation is not an exception. However, because of globalization, the cultural practices of the developing countries are eroded, and these nations are obligated to adopt the norms and values of the developed countries (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). In Brazil, the society has adopted norms and values that are associated with the Western countries or the developed countries. This is evident through the changes in their dressing culture, the film industry, as well as the sporting sphere (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). Therefore, one can argue that globalization has resulted in cultural homogenization in Brazil.
Benefits of Globalization
Globalization has also been beneficial to the Brazilian culture and values. One of these advantages is better communication and transportation. Traditionally, Brazilians have been very social in all aspects of their life (Branco & Williams, 2010). Therefore, communication and infrastructure play a critical role in their society and culture since they encourage interaction (Samuel & Bishop, 2015). Therefore, it can be seen that the developments in communication and transportation, which are key components in globalization, have tremendously benefited the Brazilian culture.
In addition, globalization has been critical in alleviating poverty, which affects most developing countries. Poverty is a leading cause of many social evils such as crime, corruption, homicide, and suicide (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). Multiple multinationals operate in Brazil. These corporations employ scores of Brazilians, thus assist in the alleviation of poverty. Besides,
Brazil is one of the leading exporters of sugar in the world (Samuel & Bishop, 2015). The proceeds from the sugar and other agricultural products export have highly benefited the Brazilian economy. Thus, globalization plays a critical part in alleviating poverty Brazil.
Apart from poverty alleviation, globalization is crucial for the preservation of the Brazilian culture. Brazil is one of the leading tourist destinations in the world (Samuel & Bishop, 2015). As such, various national monuments have been preserved for the sake of encouraging tourism. Besides, some of the tourists are only interested in experiencing the cultural aspects of the Brazilian society. This has contributed to the preservation of some of the elements in the Brazilian culture since it generates income to some of the nationals (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). Besides, the Brazilian government has constructed various museums, aiming at attracting more visitors, while preserving elements of the Brazilian culture as well (Branco & Williams, 2010). Therefore, it can be argued that globalization is a major contributor to the preservation of the Brazilian social values and norms.
Policies to Preserve Brazil’s Culture and Values
Corporations and governments have increasing appreciated the importance of culture in any economy. Therefore, it is important that policies and legislations that are geared towards the preservation and promotion of culture be developed.
Developing Policies that Encourage Cultural Tourism
Cultural tourism is necessary for the preservation of a nation’s culture. Individuals incline to preserve their culture when they realize that other people appreciate their culture (Rudra, 2008). Besides, there will be financial rewards for practicing the Brazilian culture (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). Therefore, it is imperative that policies that encourage cultural tourism to be developed with the aim of preserving culture and values.
Learning of Indigenous Language
Language is one of the main elements of culture. However, under globalization, people have forfeited most of the indigenous languages, preferring other languages such as English and Portuguese (Rudra, 2008). Therefore, it is important to develop policy frameworks that encourage the teaching of indigenous languages in schools and other learning institutions. Construction of Cultural Museums and Cultural Centers
Museums are critical in the preservation of culture and values, in that important cultural items are preserved in them (Rudra, 2008). Therefore, there is a need that more museums, which are biased towards the cultural aspects of the Brazilian society, are developed. These museums will also attract tourists with the realized revenues being channeled towards the preservation of the Brazilian culture.
Promotion of Performing Arts
Performing arts can be used for the transmission of culture and values in Brazil. However, there is little support from the Brazilian government and private sector to the field of performing arts (Hauge & Magnusson, 2012). Therefore, it is important that policies that encourage the performing arts to be developed and enforced. These could include funding from the central government.
Promotion of Indigenous Sports
The Brazilian society has neglected its indigenous sporting activities, while adopting international sports, such as soccer and motor racing (Branco & Williams, 2010). While these sports are important for generating income, it is important that indigenous Brazilian sports be recognized. Further, the government should offer aid to the establishments that practice these traditional sporting activities. Thus, policies that may encourage Brazil’s traditional sports should be developed. These may include the provision of incentives, and even national competitions in these sports.
Globalization, which involves interdependence among nations, has both positive and negative impacts on Brazil’s culture and values. It has led to increased crime levels, a rise in income gaps between the rich and the poor, as well as homogenization of the Brazilian culture and values. On the other hand, globalization has promoted Brazil’s culture and values through poverty alleviation, improvement in telecommunications and transport for interaction, and through preservation of culture for tourism. Nonetheless, there is a need that policies that support the protection and conservation of Brazilian culture are developed. These policies include supporting cultural tourism, learning of indigenous languages, the establishment of cultural museums and centers, as well as promotion of native sports and performing arts.
Branco, S., & Williams, R. (2010). Brazil. London: Kuperard.
Hauge, G. M. H., & Magnusson, M. T. (2012). Globalization in Brazil.
Samuel, M., & Bishop-Sanchez, K. (2015). Performing Brazil: Essays on culture, identity, and the performing arts.
Rudra, N. (2008). Globalization and the Race to the Bottom in Developing Countries. Cambridge University Press.
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